Asia – Facts and Data
– Asia is the largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.6% of the Earth’s total surface area, or 29.4% of its land area, and it contains more than 60% of the world’s human population.
– Rusia, which also stretches over a vast expanse of Europe, is the largest country in the world by land mass, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada. It has an area of 17,075,200 square kilometres.
– China is the world’s largest country by population, home to 1 out of every 5 people on the planet.
– Tokyo, capital of Japan, is the most populated metropolitan area in the world, with more than 35 million inhabitants.
– Besides its mainland, Asia includes a large number of islands, including some of the world’s largest islands, such as Borneo and Sumatra, and some of the world’s most populated islands, such as Java and Honshu.
– Mount Everest (Himalaya) is the highest point on Earth – 8,848 m (29,028 feet) – , as measured by the height of its summit above sea level. The mountain is located on the border between Nepal and China. It was first climbed in 1953.
– The Dead Sea is both the lowest point on Earth at 418 metres (1,371 ft) below sea level and falling, and the deepest hypersaline lake in the world at 330 m (1,083 ft) deep and 799 m (2,621 ft) below sea level.
– The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world. The river is about 6,380 km (3,964 mi) long.
– Asia is home to several language families and many language isolates. Most Asian countries have more than one language that is natively spoken. For instance, according to Ethnologue, more than 600 languages are spoken in Indonesia, and more than 100 are spoken in the Philippines. But Korea is home to only one language.
– A large majority of people in the world who practice a religious faith practice one founded in Asia.
Travel options range wildly from the desert ruins and modern malls of the Middle East to the beach bungalows and jungle treks of South-East Asia to the megacities and technology capitals of East Asia.